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Computer-aided morphological analysis for maxillo-facial diagnostic: a preliminary study

This article compares most of the three-dimensional (3D) morphometric methods currently proposed by the technical literature to evaluate their morphological informative value, while applying them to a case study of five patients affected by the malocclusion pathology. The compared methods are: conventional cephalometric analysis (CCA), generalised Procrustes superimposition (GPS) with principal-components analysis (PCA), thin-plate spline analysis (TPS), multisectional spline (MS) and clearance vector mapping (CVM).

Soft tissue diagnosis in maxillofacial surgery: A preliminary study on three-dimensional face geometrical features-based analysis

To obtain the best surgical results in orthognathic surgery, treatment planning and evaluation of results should be performed. In these operations it is necessary to provide the physician with powerful tools that can underline the behavior of soft tissue. For this reason, considering the improvements provided by the use of 3D scanners in medical diagnosis, we propose a methodology for analyzing facial morphology working with geometrical features. The methodology has been tested on patients with malocclusion in order to analyze the reliability and efficiency of the provided diagnostic results.

A morphological methodology for three-dimensional human face soft-tissue landmarks extraction: A preliminary study

Assessment of facial soft tissues could be implemented using only anatomical landmarks. These points are so significant in the medical context because are able to provide significant information about the human face morphology and dimensions. At present their detection and location is made by expert physicians using palpation. Even if this procedure normally provides reliable information, the reliability of the results is proportional to the expertise of the physician.

Electrodischarge drilling performance on parts produced by DMLS

Cobalt-base alloys are generally adopted in applications that require wear, corrosion, and heat resistance. In particular, cobalt-chromium-molybdenum (Co-Cr-Mo) alloy is currently being used in the aerospace and medical field. Both applications require product personalization and take advantage by parts manufacturing through additive technologies, such as direct metal laser sintering (DMLS). This technology still has limitations for the manufacture of small cavities, such as holes with diameters below 0.6 mm and high aspect ratio, which require drilling of the additive manufactured part.

Studies on electrodischarge drilling of an Al2O3-TiC composite

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) can be attractive for structural applications, but their machining by conventional methods is expensive and often critical. Complex geometries on advanced ceramics require contactless processes, such as electrodischarge machining or drilling (EDD). These proved to be viable for CMCs with electrical resistivity below a critical value in the range of 1-3 Ω m. The condition is complied with by many CMCs: an example is alumina with titanium carbide.

Design optimization of supports for overhanging structures in aluminum and titanium alloys by selective laser melting

Selective laser melting (SLM) process allows fabricating strong, lightweight and complex metallic structures. To successfully produce metallic parts by SLM, additional structures are needed to support overhanging surfaces in order to dissipate process heat and to minimize geometrical distortions induced by internal stresses. However, these structures are often massive and require additional post-processing for their removal. A minimization of support structures would therefore significantly reduce manufacturing and finishing efforts and costs.

Combined reverse engineering and CAD approach for mould modelling in casting simulation

Casting process simulation is nowadays established as a strategic tool in process optimisation to improve product quality. However, sometimes the required three-dimensional mathematical model of the casting is not available, because the original drawings are not-up-to date and parts are subjected to design changes. In these cases, reverse engineering (RE) is the most suitable method to reconstruct the geometrical model of the casting. In this paper, a RE-based procedure is proposed to obtain the three-dimensional CAD model of a casting from its physical equipment.

Enhanced Topology of E-Plane Resonators for High-Power Satellite Applications

A new E -plane filtering structure suitable for very high-power telecom satellite applications is presented. The conceived configuration exploits the design flexibility provided by cascading highly integrated step/stub resonators with pseudoelliptic frequency responses. Several design examples of filters and diplexers in Ku-, K-, and Q-band are reported and supported by experimental tests campaigns. The components have been designed with a full-wave 2-D spectral element method. Prototypes have been realized in aluminum clam-shell technology.

Additive Manufacturing of a Microbial Fuel Cell - A detailed study

In contemporary society we observe an everlasting permeation of electron devices, smartphones, portable computing tools. The tiniest living organisms on Earth could become the key to address this challenge: energy generation by bacterial processes from renewable stocks/waste through devices such as microbial fuel cells (MFCs). However, the application of this solution was limited by a moderately low efficiency.