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A morphological methodology for three-dimensional human face soft-tissue landmarks extraction: A preliminary study

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Assessment of facial soft tissues could be implemented using only anatomical landmarks. These points are so significant in the medical context because are able to provide significant information about the human face morphology and dimensions. At present their detection and location is made by expert physicians using palpation. Even if this procedure normally provides reliable information, the reliability of the results is proportional to the expertise of the physician. Considering that at present many physicians are beginning to use 3D scanners that provide three-dimensional data of the human face, it is possible to implement a robust and repeatable methodology that supports the physician's diagnosis. To reach this goal it is necessary to implement a methodology based on geometrical codification of landmarks and which mathematically formalizes the physician's visual and palpation analyses of the real patient.
Year: 
DOI: 
10.1007/s00266-010-9579-6
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