You are here


High Temperature Materials

SiC-based multilayered composites containing short carbon fibres obtained by tape casting

Silicon carbide multilayered composites containing short carbon fibres were prepared by tape casting followed by pressureless sintering. The dispersion of fibres into the SiC slurry was studied either by ultrasonics or by mechanical agitation, choosing the best solvent-dispersant couple that was compatible with the requirements of the tape casting technique. The effect of sintering temperature was studied, using carbon and boron as sintering aids, and mechanical properties were measured on composites containing from 5 vol.% to 25 vol.% of short carbon fibres.

Preparation and properties of NiAl(Si)/Al2O3 co-continuous composites obtained by reactive metal penetration

Reactive metal penetration was used to prepare intermetallic–ceramic composites with co-continuous structure, starting from silica glass preforms. Two subsequent metal penetrations were performed: first, the silica was immersed in a liquid Al bath, obtaining an Al(Si)/Al2O3 composite, then Ni was put in contact with the composite at high temperature, bringing to the substitution of Al with a Ni–Al intermetallic. The obtained composites present both phases continuous, and the whole process is a near net-shape one.

Mesoporous alumina obtained by combustion synthesis without template

Mesoporous alumina has been synthesised by the solution combustion synthesis method. While often the synthesis of mesoporous materials with a relatively narrow pore distribution requires the use of a template, this technique allows a simple and rapid synthesis of pure alumina without the use of any templating agent: by regulating the synthesis conditions is possible to obtain from relatively low surface area α-alumina to high surface mesoporous γ-alumina. The porosity of the latter was assessed chiefly by density functional method and was found to be in the range 2.8–3.5 nm.

Thermal and electronic properties of macroscopic MWCNTs blocks

Massive carpets of well packed, vertically aligned and very long multiwall carbon nanotubes were synthesized by an efficient thermal Chemical Vapour Deposition process. Electrical properties of the material were evaluated, both in terms of "global" characteristics (bulk resistivity) and in terms of "local" properties (Scanning Tunnel Spectroscopy measurements) for as-grown and annealed at different temperatures samples. The behaviour of bulk resistivity as a function of temperature was evaluated in the range 3÷300 K, with a four-probe technique.

Oxidation Resistance of Multilayer SiC for Space Vehicle Thermal Protection Systems

The oxidation resistances of different kinds of SiC-based laminates are compared. The materials under investigation are produced by tape casting of green ceramic sheets, followed by stacking of the sheets in a multilayer structure and laminate consolidation by de-binding and sintering. Three kinds of specimens are tested: multilayer SiC with fully dense layers, multilayer SiC integrating porous layers and multilayer composites made by stacking SiC/Cf composite layers. Two kinds of chopped carbon fibres (polyamide coated and uncoated) are used for the manufacture of the composite sheets.

Multilayer SiC for thermal protection system of space vehicles with decreased thermal conductivity through the thickness

Tape casting combined with layer stacking, debinding and sintering proved to be a suitable technique for processing SiC-based multilayers to be used as thermal protection system for space vehicles. In this paper two methods have been evaluated in order to decrease the thermal conductivity through the thickness of the material: the insertion of layers containing a pore forming agent able to leave residual porosity; the deposition of an external insulating coating made of yttria-partially stabilized zirconia (YPSZ). Both techniques contribute to the reduction of thermal conductivity.

Microstructure and mechanical properties of co-continuous metal/ceramic composites obtained from Reactive Metal Penetration of commercial aluminium alloys into cordierite

Co-continuous metal/ceramic composites were obtained by the Reactive Metal Penetration (RMP) method. With the aim of components cost reduction, commercial cordierite preforms and standard aluminium infiltrating alloys (1050, 2011 and 7075) were used in the process. Kinetics of the infiltration reaction, microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites were found to be influenced by both quantity and type of alloying elements.

Compression Behaviour of Thick Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Blocks

Blocks of vertically aligned multiwall carbon nanotubes were prepared by thermal chemical vapor deposition starting from camphor and ferrocene precursors. The blocks, having a thickness of approximately 2 mm and composed of nanotubes with diameter ranging between 30 and 80 nm, were submitted to compression tests. The results were analyzed accordingly with a simple model consisting in a parallel array of nanotubes under compression and bending suffering microscopic instability and compaction.

Mechanical and corrosion performance of SiC multilayer containing porous layers

Presently, one of the most interesting approaches to the generation of H2 is based on sulphur-based cycles, that however require structural components able to work in a corrosive environment at high temperature. Silicon carbide (SiC) is one of the most promising materials for this application, and to increase its limited toughness multilayered structures can be envisaged, since crack deviation and delamination increase energy adsorption during fracture.