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Preparation and characterization of LaNbO4 from amorphous precursors

Amorphous precursors of LaNbO4 have been prepared by coprecipitation and mechanical alloying. Powder characteristics before and after calcination were studied by thermogravimetric analysis, differential thermal analysis, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, and the crystallographic changes during thermal treatment were documented by high-temperature X-ray diffraction.

Lithium metazirconate for nuclear application: physical and mechanical properties

Lithium metazirconate is a candidate in fusion reactor designs as a tritium-breeding material. An amorphous powder was synthesized by gelling zirconium propylate and lithium acetate: after heat treatment at 900 °C, pure Li2ZrO3-l was obtained. Preliminary tests made on sintered pellets, obtained from this powder, demonstrated an appropriate tritium release at low temperature, when the sample porosity was about 20% and the mean pore radius 3 μm. The subject of this paper was to realize a good compromise between mechanical properties and the spread porosity, necessary for tritium diffusion.

Influence of some precursors on the physico-chemical characteristics of transition aluminas for the preparation of ceramic catalytic filters

This work deals with the development of a new type of product, a catalytic filter, which could be used for treating flue gases, coupling particulate filtration and catalytic abatement of noxious gases. The first step of this project concerned the coating of the pore walls of a ceramic candle filter (made of α Al2O3) with a high specific surface area phase (i.e. a transition alumina). This layer will act as a catalyst support. The coating was obtained by impregnation of the porous support and subsequent calcination, using three different precursors.

Compaction and sintering behaviour of sol-gel powders

Dry pressing is the most common industrial shaping process for ceramic pieces. Sol-gel powders are of high reactivity, but very often agglomeration-aggregation phenomena limit this advantage by inducing poor compaction behaviour. Consequently the goal of sol-gel powder research - to obtain full densification at very low sintering temperature, is not achieved. With the intention of showing the influence of sol-gel powders, specific characteristics on pressing, compaction diagrams and green body characteristics of two experimental zirconia sol-gel powders have been determined.

Catalytic ceramic filters for flue gas cleaning. 1. Preparation and characterization

This paper deals with the preparation and the characterization of ceramic porous filters whose pores were deposited with a γ-Al2O3 layer via the so-called "urea method", in order to increase their specific surface area. Once activated with a suitable catalytic principle, these filters can find a potential application in flue gas cleaning according to a combined action: mechanical particulate removal + catalytic abatement of chemical pollutants (nitrogen oxides volatile organic compounds, etc.).

Influence of the calcination temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a gel-derived and sintered 3mol% Y-TZP material

A pure coprecipitated 3 mol% Y-TZP powder was subjected to two calcination temperatures, 600° and 1000°C, prior to compaction and sintering. Significant differences in the initial sintering behavior were observed. The lower temperature calcined powder exhibited abnormal grain growth. The resultant mechanical properties mirrored the microstructure with the lower temperature calcined material having lower flexural strength. Hardness measurements of the two sintered bodies revealed significant differences in the two phases of the lower temperature calcined material.