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High Temperature Materials

β transus influence on α-β titanium alloys behaviour in ion-nitriding process

A study has been made in order to determine the transition α (h.c.p.) ⇒ β (b.c.c.) temperatures in some two-phase α-β titanium alloys for industrial use: for this aim D.T.A. tests and for comparison, specific metallographic analyses on samples specially heat treated have been carried out.

Precipitation phenomena in B4C-reinforced magnesium-based composite

The artificial aging characteristics at 177 °C of MgAlZn (AZ80A) alloy and its composite reinforced by B4C particles were compared. The morphology and the different distributions of the hardening precipitate (Mg17Al12) were observed by optical microscopy in these two materials. The aging sequence was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. This technique coupled with X-ray diffraction analyses allowed us to evaluate both the precipitation kinetics and the amount of Mg17Al12 obtained as a function of the aging time.

Laser boronizing of some titanium alloys

Samples of titanium with a commercial purity grade 4 and of alloys Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-4Al-2Sn-4Mo were surface hardened by laser alloying with boron. This treatment was carried out by contemporaneously laser melting of the titanium alloy surface and powders containing boron which were injected on the surface of the specimens. The alloying powders were deposited on the metal surface either before or during laser treatment. Boronizing powders with different chemical compositions (B, B4C, TiB2, MoB, MoB2 and W2B5) were used to prepare surface coatings.

Interfacial reactions in a Ti-6Al-4V based composites: role of the TiB2 coating

The characterization of TiB2/C-coated SiC fibres and their interface region in a Ti-6Al-4V based composite has been performed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersion X-rays (EDX) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The features of the as-received fibre and the reactivity between fibre and matrix occurring during preparation of the composite have been studied in this paper.

Interfaces in metal matrix composites

Examples of interfaces in metal matrix composites (MMC) are presented in this paper; in particular, Al alloys reinforced with B4C or SiC particles; pure Al reinforced with melt-spun intermetallic ribbons (Ni3Al); Mg alloys reinforced with C long fibers; Ti alloys reinforced with double coated (C/TiB2) SiC fibers. Kinetic studies of artificial aging on Al 6061/SiCp and Al 6061/SiCw composites are also presented. Several analytical techniques have been used for these studies: a good knowledge of the interfaces in MMC is fundamental for the design of these materials.

Thermal stability of interfaces in Ti-6Al-4V reinforced by SiC Sigma fibers

Interfacial reactions in Ti-6Al-4V/SiC Sigma fibres (coated with carbon and TiB2) were studied at different temperatures (600, 700 and 1000 °C). Interface microstructure was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy. A simulation of the chemical phenomena occurring at the interfaces was carried out using powders of pure titanium, carbon and TiB2; the reaction products were identified by X-ray diffraction. The double coating of Sigma fibres is effective in delaying detrimental reactions with the matrix.