Electron beam melting of Ti–48Al–2Cr–2Nb alloy: Microstructure and mechanical properties investigation
Gas atomized Ti–48Al–2Cr–2Nb powders have been used as precursor material in order to evaluate additive manufacturing for the production of near-net-shape γ-TiAl specimens to be employed in the field of aero-engines. In particular electron beam melting (EBM) is used to realize a selective densification of metal powder by melting it in a layerwise manner following a CAD design. The microstructure, the residual porosity and the chemical composition of the samples have been investigated both immediately after EBM and after heat treatments. High homogeneity of the samples, very low pickup of impurities (oxygen and nitrogen) with respect to the starting powders have been observed and due to an extremely low level of internal defects, intrinsic to EBM process, the tensile properties of the EBM γ-TiAl appear very consistent with a small scatter.