Characterization of LSGM films obtained by electrophoretic deposition (EPD)
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The application of the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) technique to the preparation of high quality electrolyte films for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) was investigated. Films of La0.83Sr0.17Ga0.83Mg0.17O2.83 (LSGM) were deposited on Pt and La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 (LSM) substrates from suspensions in acetone/ethanol (3:1 by volume) mixture solvent and sintered at 1300 °C. Pt supported LSGM films, 10-20 μm thick, exhibited good adhesion to the Pt substrate, well-distributed microporosity and some surface roughness. LSM supported films exhibited cracking after sintering at 1300 °C for 3 h. Up to 900 °C the bulk conductivity of the Pt supported LSGM film showed the same behaviour of LSGM pellet (Ea = 0.93 eV and 0.99 eV, respectively). The LSGM film exhibited lower bulk electrical conductivity than the latter (4.1 × 10- 3 and 4.4 × 10- 2 Ω- 1 cm- 1, respectively, at 700 °C). This difference should be ascribed to the slight Ga depletion in the LSGM film. An important issue remains the selection of adequate electrode for LSGM electrolyte films.